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The Genealogist - UK census, BMDs and more online

The Cole Family History

I would like to thank my nephew Mike Cole for all is help and for hosting my website. Mike's websites are at http://www.michaeljcole.com this site contains photographs Mike has taken for this course work. He also has another games website, at present this site is under construction if it is anything like his last games site, it was very popular.

http://www.cultwarfare.com


 

COLE FAMILY OF DEVON, AND CORNWALL, ENGLAND

I have been tracing the Cole's for over 30 years and have most of the Cole's from most of the parishes in Devon and Cornwall. I have also started collecting data from other counties as well. This is just a small amount of information I have found about the family or the families they married into. Please feel free to contact me if you have any Cole queries from Devon or Cornwall. Most of the Cole's in my data base are before the 1800's except my direct line. Contact me at sussiestan@hotmail.com

They were one of the largest land owners in Devon, Cornwall and Somerset according to the records of parliament up until the late 1500's early 1600's. Most of the lands were given in marriage settlements.

I have found marriages to some of the well known families in the west country, such as the Courtney's, Arundell's, Edgecombe's, Treymaine's, Grenville, Raleigh, Drake, Gilbert, Hele, Durnford and Moreshead's there are more.

Sir Francis Drakes Grandmother was Margaret Cole, her father John was also the Grandfather of Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Richard Grenville, Joan Durnford, Joan married into the Egdecombe family

I have found a lovely website made by Howard Cole, it has a lot of history of the Cole family at

http://homepages.paradise.net.nz/howardco/international/cole.htm

My webpage is information I have found that may not be mentioned on Howard's website.

Cornwall

This is some of the details I have found about the Cole's in Devon and Cornwall

Year published: 1814

Trevenna, some time a seat of the Mohuns, is now the property of Joseph Grigg. Mennabroom, formerly a seat of the Coles, is now a farm-house, the property of John Buller, Esq. Hole is the property and residence of Mr. John Rundle.

From: 'Parishes: St Neot - Northill', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. 244-51. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50648.

 

Carew has recorded the following extraordinary instances of longevity:"One Polzew," says he, "lately living, reached unto 130; a kinsman of his to 112; one Beauchamp to 106; Jean Brawne, the beggar, a Cornishman by wandering (for I cannot say by inhabitance), though Irish by birth, outscoreth a hundred winters by I wrote not how many revolutions." He speaks, in another place, of one Prake, of Talland, aged 110. The Rev. Thomas Cole, minister of Landewednack, who died and was buried there in 1683, is said, in the register, to have been above 120 years of age.

From: 'General history: Population and longevity', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. XLII-L. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50611&strquery=Cole%20%20of%20St%20Neot.

Ancient Families, of which the principal Branch is extinct, or removed, since 1620, yet some of the Descendants remain in the County.

From: 'General history: Families removed since 1620', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CLXXIII-CCXXV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50555&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall
Cole, of Slade,settled there in the reign of Henry IV., and became extinct, in the elder branch at least, in the reign of Charles I. The heiresses of Walcot and Hill, and a co-heiress of Luce, married into this family. Richard Cole, Esq., bequeathed the estate to Cole, of London.

Arms: Argent, a bull passant, Sab., within a border of the second, bezanty.

From: 'General history: Families removed since 1620', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CLXXIII-CCXXV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50555&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall
A family of the same name, bearing an ass passant, were lords of Bokeish, in Woolfardisworthy. The Rev. Potter Cole, the last of this family, was rector of Hawksbury in Gloucestershire, where he died, in 1802, at the advanced age of 96, having been rector of that parish above seventy years: he bequeathed Bokeish to his nephew, the Rev. William Loggin, who took the name of Cole, and was father of the Rev. William Loggin, the present owner of Bokeish. This family of Cole were some time resident at Enstone, in Oxfordshire.

From: 'General history: Families removed since 1620', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CLXXIII-CCXXV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50555&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall.

 

Southcote, or Southcott, originally of Southcote in Winkleigh.This ancient family was of Southcote in the reign of Henry III. The elder branch, into which the heiresses of Keynes and Pury, and a coheiress of Bosum, had married, became extinct in the sixteenth century. The heiress married Callard. John Southcote, appointed one of the justices of the King's Bench in 1562, was son of a younger brother of the last Southcote of this place. (fn. 14) The Southcotes of Indiho, in Bovey Tracey, and of Mohun's Ottery (fn. 15) , were descended from a second son. Mohun's Ottery was sold by Thomas Southcote, then the representative of this branch, in 1678. At Collumpton is a monument without date, said to be for the last heir male of the Southcote family; the last probably of this branch.

Sir George Southcote, of Shillingford, eldest son of Thomas Southcote, of Indiho, by his third wife, married a co-heiress of Cole, of Buckland Touissaints, and was ancestor of the late John Henry Southcote, Esq., who sold Buckland, and died in 1820.

From: 'General history: Families removed since 1620', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CLXXIII-CCXXV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50555&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

Hody, of Netheway, in Brixham. Sir John Hody, of Stowel, in Somersetshire, acquired this place in marriage with the heiress of Cole, who had a residence also at Pillesdon, in Dorsetshire; his son, Sir John Hody, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, married the heiress of Jewe, of Whitfield, and Beerhall, in Devon; the posterity of his elder son continued at Netheway for several descents. John Hody, Esq., sold Netheway in 1696, and left Devon. Edmund Hody, M. D., of this branch, was of London in 1750. Hugh and Arthur, two younger sons of Christopher Hody, Esq., of Netheway, who wrote their name Huddy, were of Brixham in 1620: the co-heiresses of Hugh married Burland, of Dorsetshire, and Hody, of Northover, in Somersetshire. Sir William Hody, second son of the Lord Chief Justice, was Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and ancestor of the Hody's of Pillesdon, in Dorsetshire, and Crewkerne, in Somersetshire. Robert Hody, Esq., who was of Crewkerne in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, had two sons; John, the elder, who was of Beer-hall, (Thorncombe,) in Devon, left an only daughter married to Bowditch; the next son was ancestor of the Hodys, of Northover, in Somersetshire; of which branch was the learned Dr. Humphry Hody, archdeacon of Oxford, who died in 1706.

Arms of Hody: Argent, a fesse party, per fesse indented, V. and S. between two cottises counterchanged.

From: 'General history: Families removed since 1620', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CLXXIII-CCXXV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50555&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

Carminow of Carminow in Mawgan (Meneage), said to have been settled there before the conquest, but not traced with any certainty further back than the reign of Henry III. The male line of the elder branch became extinct about the middle of the fourteenth century, when the coheiresses married Arundell, Trewarthian, and Petit. The coheiresses of a younger branch, which settled at Boconnoc as early as the reign of Edward III., married Carew and Courtenay about the latter part of the fifteenth century. A younger branch of the Carminows of Boconnoc settled at Fentongollan, and became possessed of very extensive landed property, which was dissipated about the year 1600. This branch, not long afterwards, became extinct; the coheiresses married Salter and Cole (fn. 6) . The coheiresses of a younger branch of the Carminows of Fentongollan (settled at Resprin in St. Winnow) married Prideaux and Flamanck. This branch, descended from Walter, a third son of Walter Carminow of Boconnoc, married the heiress of Resprin and coheiresses of Trenowth and Champernon; Nicholas, a younger son of this branch, married a coheiress of Wolvedon. The heiresses of another younger branch of the Fentongollan family (settled at Trenowth) married Boscawen and Herle. A third branch of this family was of Polmawgan in St. Winnow, whence they removed to Trehannick in St. Teath, at which place William Carminow, the last male heir of this ancient family, died in the year 1646; Thomas Carminow, of this branch, married the coheiress of Hilliard. The common ancestor of the Carminows married the heiress of Rawleigh. The Boconnoc branch, before the Fentongollan family branched off, married the heiresses of Glynn and Tynten. The Fentongollan branch married the heiress of Resprin and the coheiress of Trenowth, who inherited Fentongollan from Trejago.

From: 'General history: Extinct gentry families', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. CXVIII-CLXXIV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50618&strquery=Cole%20%20of%20St%20Neot

Cole married a coheiress of Carminow. Arms:Arg. a bull passant, Gules, on a border Sable, eight bezants.

From: 'General history: Extinct gentry families', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. CXVIII-CLXXIV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50618&strquery=Cole%20%20of%20St%20Neot

After treating of the Cornish families, Dr. Borlase, in one of his manuscripts, observes: "It is a melancholy reflection to look back on so many great families (fn. 22) as have formerly adorned the county of Cornwall, and are now no more; the Grenvilles, the Arundells, Carminows, Champernons, Bodrugans, Mohuns, Killegrews, Bevilles, Trevanions, which had great sway and possessions in these parts. The most lasting families have only their seasons, more or less, of a certain constitutional strength. They have their spring, and summersunshine glare, their wane, decline, and death; they flourish and shine perhaps for ages; at last they sicken; their light grows pale, and, at a crisis when the off-sets are withered and the old stock is blasted, the whole tribe disappears, and leaves the world as they have done Cornwall. There are limits ordained to every thing under the sun: Man will not abide in honour. Of all human vanities, family-pride is one of the weakest. Reader, go thy way; secure thy name in the book of life, where the page fades not, nor the title alters nor expires;leave the rest to Heralds and the ParishRegister."

From: 'General history: Extinct gentry families', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. CXVIII-CLXXIV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50618&strquery=Cole%20%20of%20St%20Neot

 

Parishes
Otterham - Probus

Poughill

POUGHILL, in the hundred of Stratton, and in the deanery of Trigg-Major, lies one mile north-west from Stratton. he manor was given by Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, to the abbey of Clive in Somersetshire: it was sold by King James I. to George Salter and John Williams: Dr. Borlase says, that it belonged in his time to Mr. John Stanbury of Broomhill: it is now the property of Thomas Trood, Esq., who purchased it of the late John Cunyngham Saunders, Esq., an eminent surgeon in London, well known by his institution of a hospital for diseases of the eye, and his improvements in that department of surgery. This manor consists only of a royalty, which extends over the parish, there being neither lands nor rent belonging to it.

William of Worcester, in his Itinerary of Cornwall, written in the reign of Edward IV., relates that, in the year 1437, Nicholas Radford, counsel for the Lord Bonville against Thomas Earl of Devon, was slain in his own house at Poughill, by Thomas, eldest son of the said Earl, who afterwards succeeded to the title.

Flexbury, in this parish, the residence of Mr. Ralph Cole, belongs to the Rev. Charles Dayman. Maer is the property and residence of Richard Martyn Braddon, Esq.; Broomhill, the property and late residence of Thomas Trood, Esq. Reeds has been lately built by John Vikry Jose, Esq., for his own residence.

The well-known battle of Stratton was fought in this parish, near the town of Stratton, on a hill called, from its having been the position of the Earl of Stamford, the parliamentary general, Stamford's Hill (fn. 38) : in the year 1713, a monument was erected on this spot, with the following inscription,"In this place the army of the rebels under the command of the Earl of Stamford received a signal overthrow by the valour of Sir Beville Granville and the Cornish army, on Tuesday the 6th of May 1643, by George Lord Lansdowne, comptroller of the household, and one of the principal secretaries of state." This monument was taken down before the memory of any one now living: the tablet containing the inscription was removed to Stratton, and fixed on the front of the market-house; when some alterations were made in that building, it was again removed, and placed in the front of the Tree inn, where it still remains.

The great tithes of Poughill, which were appropriated to the priory of Launceston, have been sold in severalties; those of Flexbury, Hollabury, Coumbe, and Coumbe-parks, belong to George Boughton Kingdon, Esq. The vicarage is in the gift of the crown.

From: 'Parishes: Otterham - Probus', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. 251-74. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50649&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

During the following 200-300 yearsthe family expanded in Devon, becoming prominent citizens through knighthood, and by marrying heraldic heiresses and thusly acquiring land(12).About the year 1500 a branch of the family became resident in Sudbury, Suffolk, and a branch of that family went to Winchester.

 

CORNWALLS

CORNWALLS, or EVER CORNWALLIS MANOR, which in 1086 was included under the principal manor, probably acquired its separate identity when the honour of Wallingford was seized by Henry II. Unlike Iver Manor, it remained attached to the honour until about the middle of the 14th century, when it was held of Iver Manor, this overlordship being last mentioned in 1525.

The manor was held in demesne in 1254 by Richard Earl of Cornwall,who subinfeudated it to his illegitimate son Richard Cornwall. By 1300 Richard had been succeeded by his son Geoffrey, who married Margaret Mortimer, and in 1328 settled the manor on their son Richard and his wife Sibyl in tail-male. Geoffrey Cornwall died in 1335 and Richard in 1343, his widow Sibyl surviving until 1349, when Iver passed to their son Geoffrey, aged fourteen, to whom Alan Clavering was appointed guardian in 1350. Geoffrey entered into the manor on the attainment of his majority in 1357, and died in 1365, leaving a son Brian, a minor, and a widow Cecilia, who died in 1369. On Brian's death without issue in 1400 his brother Richard Cornwall succeeded, and left as heir at his death in 1443 Thomas Cornwall, son of his son Edmund. Thomas Cornwall was attainted in 1461 and forfeited the manor, which was granted in 1468, under the name of Cornwalls Manor, to John Shuckborough and Nicholas Clevely for life. In 1473 Edmund son of Thomas Cornwall regained his father's lands, which he left to his son Thomas at his death in 1489. In 1506 Sir Thomas Cornwall alienated Cornwalls Manor to trustees, from whom it was acquired by William Haddon. The latter died seised of it in 1521, leaving a son Thomas, during whose minority his guardian William Saunders fraudulently withheld money due to the king. Thomas Haddon appears in 1540 to have mortgaged Cornwalls to the Windsors, but conveyed the reversion to Robert Wolman, who in 1568 transferred his right in it to Edward Nelson and others. William Onslow, however, claimed that Wolman had conveyed the reversion to him, and he in 1570 alienated the manor to James Heblethwaite and Percival Haddon, the latter shortly afterwards renouncing his right in it. James Heblethwaite won the case brought to settle the ownership of the estate, and conveyed the manor in 1591 to Richard Barton. By 1617 it had come into the possession of Edward afterwards Sir Edward Salter and Ursula his wife.Sir Edward settled the greater part of his estates in Iver on his son Sir William and his issue by his first wife Mary Shirland, and died in 1647. Sir William having predeceased him, the manor descended to the latter's second but first surviving son and heir Christopher Salter. On Christopher's death without issue in the following year his sister and heir Elizabeth inherited Cornwalls. Her husband Thomas Cole was fined,20 pounds as a Royalist in 1649, and on his discharge in 1653 he and his wife transferred their rights in Cornwalls Manor to Anne Salter, Elizabeth's stepmother. By 1695 the manor had come to Thomas and Richard Berenger, by whom it was sold in 1699 to Christopher Tower, who died in 1728, when it passed to his son Christopher. The latter died in 1771, leaving a son Christopher, who broke the entail in 1778. He held Cornwalls Manor until his death in 1810, when he was succeeded by his son, another Christopher, who was sheriff for the county in 1840. On his death in 1867 his estates passed to his son Christopher, M.P. for Buckinghamshire 1845, who died in 1884. His son Mr. Christopher John Hume Tower is the present owner of this estate.

From: 'Parishes: Iver', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3 (1925), pp. 286-94. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=42561&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

 

In this record also appear, for the first time, the following names:Cornwall, descended from a natural son of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and King of the Romans, whose estates passed, by successive female heirs, to Hendower and Tanner, and have since been alienated; Hewis or Hiwis, whose estates passed, by inheritance, to the Coleshills; Peverell, of Park, whose estates were divided between the Bassets and Hungerfords; Cheynduit, whose estates were divided between the families of Trejago and Roscarrock; Beville, whose estates were inherited by the Grenvilles; De Kan (De Cant of Cant, in Minver); the baronial family of Lansladron, whose heiress married Govely and the heiress of Govely Trerice; the Kymyells, whose estates passed to the St. Aubyns; Meules (Moyle of Bake), whose estates are now possessed by their immediate descendant, Sir Joseph Copley, Bart.; Killigarth, whose estates passed, through female heirs, to the Grenvilles; Thurlebere, whose estates were inherited by the Arundells of Trerice; Bret, whose heiress married one of Lord Falmouth's ancestors; St. Winnow, whose estates passed, by successive heiresses, to the Uptons and Lowers, and the families of Fysac, Quoyhyn, Trom, Trewythen, Del Estre, Kellerion, Le Brun, Waunford, and Cole, of whose estates we have not been able to obtain any information.
From: 'General history: Principal landholders', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. LXIV-LXXII. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50613&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall 

Cole of Somerset;

"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons, &c. That Richard Cole Esquire be Sheriff of the County of Som'sett; and that the Commissioners of the Great Seal of England do issue a Commission to him, to be Sheriff of the said County, accordingly."

From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 8: 3 December 1646', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 8: 1645-1647 (1802), pp. 588-90. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34153&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

Parishes
Mabe - Maddern

Year published: 1814

Heligan belonged formerly to the Hills, and seems to have been acquired by marriage with the heiress of Fantleroy, who married the heiress of Thomas Flamank. About the middle of the seventeenth century, Heligan, which is now a farmhouse, was the seat of the family of Silly. It was sold by Miss Julia Silly (now wife of William Lyddon, Esq.) to E. J. Glynn, Esq., the present proprietor. Tredethy, some time the seat of the families of May and Lang, is now the property and residence of Francis John Hext, Esq. Penwyn, some time a seat of the Porters, is now the property and residence of Mr. William Cole, whose family have possessed it for a considerable time

From: 'Parishes: Mabe - Maddern', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. 206-10. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50644&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

De Wenn or Dewen of Gwinnear, traced three generations before 1620, married a coheiress of Culland.The present male representative of this family is Mr. James Dewen, surgeon and apothecary at Marazion. Mr. F. Cole, son of the late Captain F. Cole, of the Royal Navy, is the representative of the elder branch, by female descent. Howards website has a lot of information about this family.

Arms of Dewen:Arg. on a chevron - - - - three trefoils - - - -.

From: 'General history: Gentry', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. XCVIII-CXVIII. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50617&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

House of Commons Journal Volume 4
1 December 1646

The Lords Concurrence to be desired herein.

Resolved, &c. That this House doth nominate and appoint Richard Cole Esquire to be Sheriff of the County of Somersett: And that the Commissioners for the Great Seal of England do issue a Commission to him to be Sheriff of the said County accordingly.

From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 4: 1 December 1646', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 4: 1644-1646 (1802), pp. 732-34. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=23835&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall 

House of Commons Journal Volume 9
10 November 1670

Privilege.

Ordered, That Sir Richard Cole, Richard Lamerton, and Thom. Coning, be sent for in Custody of the Serjeant at Arms, or his Deputy, for their Breach of Privilege, making a forcible Entry upon the House and Land of Mr. Henry Seymoure, a Member of this House, at Lanracke in Cornwall; and turning his Servants out of Possession

From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 9: 10 November 1670', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 9: 1667-1687 (1802), pp. 161-62. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=27217&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall 

General history
Gentry

Bury, of Doniton in Swimbridge.Bury in Lapford was the original residence of the ancient family of Bury, the elder branch of which remained there in 1630, but it is probable that they possessed also Coleton in Chulmleigh, which came by the heiress of Cole in the reign of Richard II. and is described as their seat in the Heralds' visitation of 1620. Doniton subsequently belonged to them. The heiress of Giffard, of Yeo, married into this family. Thomas Bury, Esq., the last heir-male, died in 1804; he married a co-heiress of Molineux, but left no issue. His widow bequeathed the estates of Bury and Coleton to Richard Incledon, Esq., now Vice-Admiral of the White, who has taken the name of Bury, and resides at Doniton, but is not the representative of the family.

Arms:Erm. on a bend, Az., three fleur-de-lis, Or.

From: 'General history: Gentry', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CXXXII-CLX. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50553&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall4921817028438930

Parishes
Haccombe - Hittesleigh

Harford, or Herford

HARFORD, or HERFORD, in the hundred of Ermington and in the deanery of Plympton, lies about five miles from Brent, and six from Modbury. Part of Ivybridge is in this parish.

The manor belonged, at an early period, to the Peverells, lords of the hundred of Ermington; in the reign of Edward III., to the Harstons; at a later period to the family of Cole. In 1622, it was sold by Christopher Cole to Sir Richard Buller and others, trustees, probably, for Williams of Stowford, whose family became possessed of it about this time. No manerial rights have of late been exercised for this estate. The manor, or nominal manor, of East Harford, alias Stowford, belonged, at an early period, to Matthew de Ivybridge, whose daughter brought it to Dymock. From the latter it passed to Bonville, and was forfeited by attainder. It became afterwards, by purchase from the crown, as Sir William Pole supposes, the property of Adam Williams, whose son, Thomas Williams, Esq., was Speaker of the House of Commons in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The Speaker's mother was a Prideaux; and it is probable that the learned Dr. John Prideaux, some time Bishop of Worcester (fn. 18) , born at Stowford, in 1578, was a relation of that family, although he is spoken of by Anthony Wood as of humble origin. John Williams, grandson of the Speaker, appears to have sold Stowford, in the reign of Charles I., to the Saverys, who some time resided there. From Savery it passed, not many years ago, by sale, to Mr. Dunsterville, of Plymouth; and from him to Mr. Rivers, who kept the inn at Ivybridge. It is now the property of Mr. Philip Bowen, who purchased of the creditors of Mr. Rivers. The old mansion of the Williams family was pulled down, and the present house built by Mr. Rivers.

From: 'Parishes: Haccombe - Hittesleigh', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. 250-72. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50579&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall 

Hittesleigh

HITTESLEIGH, in the hundred of Wonford and in the deanery of Dunsford, lies about seven miles from Crediton, and about the same distance from Moreton Hamptsted.

The manor belonged anciently to the Talbots. In the reign of Edward I. it was in the Coles, who held under the Talbots (fn. 67) ; and afterwards, successively, in the families of London and Shilston. From the latter it passed by a female heir to Calmady. It is now the property of Mrs. Calmady, of Langdon Hall, in Wembury, the heiress of the last-mentioned family, to whom also the advowson of the rectory belongs.

From: 'Parishes: Haccombe - Hittesleigh', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. 250-72. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50579&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

Hundred Roll. There were several mesne lords between Cole and the Crown. Cole held of Talbot, Talbot of Punchardon, Punchardon of Bolhay, Bolhay of Courtenay, and Courtenay of the Crown, as parcel of the barony of Oakharapton.

 

Widecombe, or Withecombe Ralegh

From: 'Parishes: Haccombe - Hittesleigh', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. 250-72. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50579&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

WIDCOMBE, or WITHECOMBE RALEGH (fn. 39) , in the hundred of East Budleigh and in the deanery of Aylesbeare, adjoins the parish of Exmouth, and comprises part of that town, called Withecombe Exmouth.

The manor of Withecombe Ralegh, formerly called Withecombe Clavill, belonged anciently to the Clavills, who held it at the time of the Domesday survey, and afterwards, for many descents, to the Raleghs. In 1756 it was in the family of Bassett, from whom it passed, by successive sales, to Jackson and Cutler. It is now the property of Edward Divett, Esq., whose father purchased it in the year 1801. Westcote says that this manor was held by the service of finding the King two good arrows stuck in an oaten cake whenever he should hunt in Dartmoor. (fn. 40)

The Drakes possessed considerable property in this parish. Sir William Pole describes Rill in Withecombe Ralegh as having been in a family of that name, whose heiress married Duke, and the co-heiresses of Duke, Sokespitch, and Cole. A moiety of this estate continued, in Sir William Pole's time, in the family of Sokespitch: Cole's share had passed, by successive female heirs, to Drake and Raymond. Sir William Pole speaks also of a manor of Withecombe, which the Raymonds had inherited from Drake. The Drakes had, in 1628, the manor, or nominal manor, of Hulham, in this parish, which moiety Robert Drake, Esq., by his will of that date, gave, together with the rectory of Withecombe Ralegh, towards the maintenance of preaching ministers in the parishes of East Budleigh, Littleham, and Withecombe Ralegh, and other charitable uses. The other moiety was then in the family of Warren: it now belongs to the widow of Mr. John Warren. The manor of Broadham and Rill, within the manor of Withecombe Ralegh belongs to W. T. Hull, Esq., who resides at Marpool in this parish. Courtland, in this parish, by a late purchase, became the seat of Sir Walter Roberts, Bart. It was some time the property and residence of Charles Baring, Esq. Whimsey is the property and residence of Edward Payne, Esq.

From: 'Parishes: Uffculme - Willand', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. 538-62. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50595&strquery=Cole%20of%20Cornwall

St. Neot

ST. NEOT, in the hundred and deanery of West, lies about five miles westnorth-west from Liskeard, which is the post-office town; about eight east from Bodmin; and the same distance north-east from Lostwithiel. There is no village in this parish, except the church-town, which is large. The Archdeacon's court was held at this place, till the year 1753, when it was removed to Lostwithiel, and from thence, in 1773, to Bodmin, where it is now held.

There are holiday-fairs at St. Neot, on Easter Monday and the fifth of November. St. Neot lies on the old road from Bodmin to Liskeard. When the survey of Domesday was taken, there was a college at this place, then called Neotstow; the manor of which was said to have belonged then, and in the reign of Edward the Confessor, to the canons of St. Neot.

We find no account of the manor of St. Neot till within the last thirty years, in which it has had three different owners: it was sold, by the late Elias Lang, Esq., to the late Sir John Morshead, Bart., who had also the manor of St. NeotBarrett, probably a divided moiety of the original manor, which had acquired the name of Barrett from its proprietors; they now both belong to Lady Morshead, his widow.

It is probable that the Domesday manor of Fawintone, described as held by the Earl of Moreton in demesne, comprehended a large district on the banks of the Fowey, which rises in this parish, and extended to the borough of Fowey at its mouth. At a later period, the Cardinham family certainly had the manor and borough of Fowey; and there appear to have been two manors of Faweton, both distinct from that and from each other, and probably both within the parish of St. Neot, as one of them is still known to be. There was, in the reign of Henry III., a manor of Faweton, which belonged to Andrew de Suleny, on whose death, without issue, it devolved to his uncle Jessery; and he dying without issue, it was inherited by his sisters in moieties: one moiety passed by marriage to the Treverbyns; the other, by a succession of female-heirs, as far as the reign of Henry V., to the families of Champernowne, Willington, and Wroth (fn. 1) . Sir Reginald Mohun died seised of a manor of Fawton in 1620 (fn. 2) . We have not been able to trace this manor any lower; there are three small tenements of the name in St. Neot, two of which were lately sold by E. J. Glynn, Esq. (fn. 3) ; the other belongs to Thomas Bewes, Esq.

The manor of Faweton, alias Trenay, belonged to the Daubeny family from the reign of Edward I. (if not earlier) to that of Henry VIII., when Sir Giles Daubeny sold it to John Tubb, of whose son George it was purchased by William Bere, Esq. (fn. 4) The coheiresses of Bere married Sir John Grylls, of Court in Lanreath, and Bellott of Bochym. The Rev. Richard Gerveys Grylls possesses a moiety of this manor by inheritance, and has purchased the other moiety, which had been some time in severalties: the moieties were divided by deed in the year 1722. The manor of Polruan in Lantegloss, now the property of William Rashleigh, Esq. M. P., was formerly held with this manor. The bailiffry of the hundred of West (fn. 5) is annexed to the manor of Faweton, alias Trenay. The barton of Trenay was sold by the Tubbs to Connock; we understand there are three Trenays; Great and Little Trenay, united in one tenement, the property of Francis Gregor, Esq.; and Higher Trenay belonging to Thomas Bewes, Esq.

The manor of West-Draynes, formerly belonging to the Carews (fn. 6) , and, at a later period to the Tillies, is now the property of J. Tillie Coryton, Esq. The manor of Pengelly belonged to Sir William Molins, who was slain at the siege of Orleans in 1428, and was inherited by the family of Hastings. In the reign of James I. it was in the Moyles: the present possessor is Francis Gregor, Esq., of Trewarthenick, who purchased it of the late Sir Lionel Copley, Bart. (fn. 7) This manor was held, in the reign of James I., by the service of providing a grey cloak for the Duke, whenever he should come into Cornwall, and delivering it at Poulstonbridge to the lord of the manor of Cabilia, whose office it was to attend the Duke with it during his stay in Cornwall (fn. 8) . A more ancient record, as printed in Blount's Tenures, assigns the service of providing the cloak to the lord of Cabilia, and that of carrying it to the lord of Pengelly. The manor of Trevegoe was in moieties, in the reign of James I.; one moiety, which had been purchased by Hodge, belonged then to Matthew Veale; the other, which had been in the Hungerfords, had been forfeited by attainder, and granted to Arundell, was then, by purchase from Layton, in the family of Bagott (fn. 9) : this manor now belongs to Lady Morshead. The manor of Treverbyn, which belonged to the Courtenays of Trethurfe, appears to have been dismembered: the Earl of Cork, who represents one of the coheiresses of Courtenay, possesses a small tenement of that name. The manor of Cabilla, Cabilia, or Carburrow, the property of the Honourable Mrs. Agar, (the barton of which is in Cardinham,) extends over a considerable part of this parish.

Trevenna, some time a seat of the Mohuns, is now the property of Joseph Grigg. Mennabroom, formerly a seat of the Coles, is now a farm-house, the property of John Buller, Esq. Hole is the property and residence of Mr. John Rundle.

In the parish-church are considerable remains of painted glass, containing the legends of St. Neot and other saints, as hath been already described. It is said by some of the Monkish historians, that this church was originally dedicated to St. Guevor or Guerrier, and subsequently to St. Neot, who, for many years, had led a hermit's life, and died and was buried at this place. The great tithes of this parish were formerly appropriated to the priory of Montacute (fn. 10) , in the county of Somerset: they are now, with some exceptions, the property of the Rev. R. G. Grylls, who is patron and the present incumbent of the vicarage. The tithesheaf of the manor of St. Neot-Barrett is appropriated to the repairs of the church. Two-thirds of the great and small tithes of two of the Fawtons, and some other farms, (which tithes now belong to the Duke of Bedford, and Thomas Bewes, Esq. (fn. 11) ,) were appropriated in former times to the repair of Launceston castle. There are the remains of a chapel dedicated to St. Luke, in this parish, on the borders of Alternon, a mile north-east of Dosmery pool: the ancient font remains. The estate on which this chapel stood, called Pinnock's and Luke's hills, and containing about 300 acres, has been unclaimed for many years: in 1613 it was in the Trefusis family.

John Anstis, Esq., Garter King of Arms, author of "The Black Book of the Order of the Garter," and an industrious collector of records relating to Cornwall and other counties, was born at St. Neot, in the year 1699.

From: 'Parishes: St Neot - Northill', Magna Britannia: volume 3: Cornwall (1814), pp. 244-51. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50648&strquery=Fawton

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